Compensation Committee Report

This section of the Compensation Committee Report sets out details of how the Company’s Compensation Policy was implemented in 2016. We start by setting out the details of the Compensation Committee – those setting and implementing the policy. We then present a summary of the 2016 executive compensation together with a summary of pay across the Group.

Governance in relation to compensation

Compensation Committee members

Attendance at 5 meetings in 2016
Sir John Hood (Chairman) 5
Jacques Aigrain 5
Roberto Quarta 5
Tim Shriver 5

During 2016, the Compensation Committee met five times on a formal basis, with additional informal meetings held as needed.

The committee members do not have any personal financial interest (other than as a share owner as disclosed in the Non-executive directors' interest section) in the matters to be decided by the committee, potential conflicts of interest arising from cross-directorships or day-to-day involvement in running the Group’s businesses. The terms of reference for the Compensation Committee are available on the Company’s website, and will be on display at the AGM, as set out in the Notice of AGM.

Advisors to the Compensation Commitee

The Compensation Committee regularly consults with Group executives. In particular, the committee invites certain individuals to attend meetings, including the Group chief executive (who is not present when matters relating to his own compensation or contracts are discussed and decided), the Company Secretary, the chief talent officer and the worldwide compensation & benefits director.

The latter two individuals provide a perspective on information reviewed by the committee and are a conduit for requests for information and analysis from the Company’s external advisors.

External advisors

The committee retains Willis Towers Watson to act as independent advisors. Willis Towers Watson is engaged to provide advice to the Compensation Committee and to work with management on matters related to our compensation policy and practices. Willis Towers Watson is a member of the Remuneration Consultants Group and has signed the code of conduct relating to the provision of advice in the UK. In light of this, and the level and nature of the service received, the committee remains satisfied that the advice is objective and independent.

Willis Towers Watson provides limited other services at a Group level, however some of the operating companies may engage advisors, including Willis Towers Watson, at a local level.

In 2016, Willis Towers Watson received fees of £220,968 in relation to the provision of advice to the committee. The committee receives external legal advice, where required, to assist it in carrying out its duties.

Statement of share owner voting

In 2016, a significant number of share owners voted against the Implementation Report of the Compensation Committee. The committee understands that the majority of share owners voting against the Implementation Report did so because of the level of the 2015 single figure of the Executive Directors, which was driven largely by the maturity of a legacy five-year long-term incentive plan award under LEAP. The 2011 LEAP award vested in full, reflecting very strong relative TSR performance and an almost doubling of the Company share price over the five-year investment and performance period. The committee is content that LEAP has performed as intended and in the manner approved by share owners when the plan was implemented and when the last compensation policy was approved.

The committee would also like to remind share owners that the LEAP program was replaced in 2013 with a new long-term incentive plan, but that the first five-year awards under this plan will not vest until 2018.

Resolution Votes for Votes against Votes cast Votes withheld
Number % Number % Number Number
To approve the Implementation report of the Compensation Committee 649,465,421 66.55 326,385,527 33.45 975,850,948 11,128,256

Executive Directors’ total compensation received (audited)

Single total figure of compensation

Base salary Benefits3 DEPs4 Pension Short-term
Total annual compensation
£000 £000 £000 £000 £000 £000 £000
Sir Martin Sorrell1 2016 1,150 228 1,758 460 2,992 41,560 48,148
2015 1,150 193 1,545 460 4,278
62,783 70,409
Paul Richardson1,2 2016 798 62 240 1,517 6,698 9,315
2015 718 67 216 1,648 8,859 11,508

1 Any US dollar amounts received in 2016 have been converted into sterling at an exchange rate of $1.3547 to £1.

2 Paul Richardson’s base salary figure is denominated in US dollars other than his fee for directorship of WPP plc which amounts to £100,000 which, per above, has been converted at an exchange rate of $1.3547 to £1. There has been no change in base salary over 2015 and the difference between the 2015 value is due to a change in exchange rates.

3 The benefits, and therefore total annual compensation, set out in the table above exclude the disclosable value of expenses related directly to attendance at Board meetings that would be chargeable to UK income tax. The expenses were for Sir Martin £2,578 (£6,938 in 2015) and Paul Richardson £13,826 (£14,502 in 2015). Details of benefits are set out in Fixed elements of compensation (audited).

4 Sir Martin Sorrell receives payments in accordance with the approval granted by share owners of amounts equal to the dividends that would be payable during 2016 totalling £1,757,739 (£1,545,340 during 2015) in respect of the shares reflected in the UK and US Deferred Stock Units Awards Agreements, these agreements that now comprise the awards granted under the Capital Investment Plan in 1995.

5 This is the aggregate amount awarded for the 2016, and 2015, financial years’ performance. The awards are delivered equally in a deferred share bonus in the form of an ESA, which vests two years from the date of grant subject to continued employment, and cash.

6 This is the value of the 2012, and 2011, LEAP awards which vested in 2017, and 2016, following the end of the five-year performance period on 31 December 2016, and 31 December 2015, respectively.

Fixed elements of compensation (audited)

Base salary

Effective date Contractual salary
Base salary received in 2016
Sir Martin Sorrell 1 January 2013 £1,150 £1,150
Paul Richardson 1 July 2013 $945 and £100 $1,0801

1 The WPP directorship fee for Paul Richardson has been converted into US dollars at a rate of $1.3547 to £1.

Each Executive Director receives a fee of £100,000 for their directorship of WPP plc, included in the base salary figure above. The base salary for the Executive Directors is reviewed, but not necessarily changed, every 24 months. There have been no changes in base salary for the Executive Directors since 2013.

Benefits, dividend equivalent payments and pension

2016 Benefits
2016 DEPs
Sir Martin Sorrell1 228 1,758
Paul Richardson1 62

The benefits shown are those provided to the Executive Directors that are deemed taxable in the UK, or those that would be taxable if Paul Richardson were resident in the UK. The value of benefits received that are detailed in the numbers above include car and/or car allowance, healthcare, life assurance, long-term disability allowance and a per diem housing allowance paid when the executive uses their own accommodation when travelling outside of their home country. The benefits set out exclude the disclosable value of expenses related directly to attendance at Board meetings that would be chargeable to UK income tax.

The table above also includes share owner-approved dividend equivalent payments of £1,757,739 (£1,545,340 during 2015) which are due on certain of Sir Martin Sorrell’s deferred share awards. The following table provides a breakdown of the key taxable benefits for 2016:

Car benefits
Accommodation allowance
Other expenses
Sir Martin Sorrell1 37 68 86 37
Paul Richardson1 27 15 19 1

1 The benefits set out above exclude the disclosable value of expenses related directly to attendance at Board meetings that would be chargeable to UK income tax. The expenses were for Sir Martin £2,578 and Paul Richardson £13,826.

Contractual pension
(% of base salary)
2016 Pension
Sir Martin Sorrell 40% 460
Paul Richardson 30% 240

All pension benefits for the Executive Directors are provided on either a defined contribution or a cash allowance basis. Only base salary is pensionable. No changes have been made to pension contribution rates in the last year, but Sir Martin Sorrell’s contractual pension as a percentage of base salary will reduce to 30% in July 2017 subject to policy approval at the upcoming AGM.

Variable elements of pay (audited)

Short-term incentive

This section summarises the Compensation Committee’s assessment of the Executive Directors’ performance during 2016 under the short-term incentive plan.

2016 short-term incentive plan outcome (percentages expressed relative to base salary)

Actual short-term incentive received Attributed to financial objectives Attributed to personal objectives Total 2016 short-term incentives £000
Sir Martin Sorrell 260% 160% 100% 2,992
Paul Richardson 190% 140% 50% 1,517

In respect of the 2016 short-term incentive awards, half will be delivered in the form of shares as an Executive Share Award (ESA) with a two-year deferral requirement. ESAs are subject to malus provisions. The cash bonuses are subject to clawback provisions.

Performance against financial objectives (70% of the award)

Performance against all financial objectives is calculated on a pro forma ('like-for-like') basis other than net sales margin that is calculated on a constant currency basis. The key financial short-term incentive plan objectives for all the Executive Directors are consistent with 2015 and provide a robust basis for assessing financial achievement.

2016 was another record year with the Company producing strong net sales and profit growth whilst margins performance was robust. The achievements against our stretching targets are illustrated below and demonstrates out-performance against the profit and net sales targets and a slight under-performance against the very ambitious margin improvement target.

Group performance (CEO and CFO)

2016 financial objectives (70% of the award)

2016 financial objectives (70% of the award)
  • Like-for-like headline PBT growth (⅓)
  • Constant currency headline net sales margin improvement (⅓)
  • Like-for-like growth in net sales (⅓)

1 Like-for-like headline net sales margin improvement.

Performance against individual strategic objectives (30% of the award)

Executive Director Personal measure 2016 Clarification of measures Maximum potential (% of base salary) Award received (% of maximum)
Sir Martin Sorrell Leadership planning Actively managing the process of strengthening the Group’s senior leadership teams through internal development, promotions, transfers and external hires. 131% 77%
Strategic planning & execution Key focus areas include maintaining creative excellence; driving strategy in the digital, data, analytics and new markets; improving the effectiveness of the WPP horizontality approach to enhance client service delivery.
Paul Richardson Working capital management Improving year-on-year rolling average net working capital as a percentage of the annual revenue trend. 90% 55%
WPP IT transformation Implementing a transformational program of outsourcing IT services to produce enhanced service and cost savings in future years.
Financial control Demonstrating measures taken to improve operating company balance sheet control and management.

2016 short-term incentive plan awards

Based on the performance set out above, the short-term incentive award for each executive was:

Base salary 000 Target bonus % of base salary Maximum bonus % of base salary 2016 award % against target/maximum Total 2016 short-term incentive award
Sir Martin Sorrell £1,150 217.5% 435% 120%/60% £2,992
Paul Richardson $1,0801 200% 300% 95%/63% $2,056

1 The fee for Paul Richardson has been converted into US dollars at a rate of $1.3547 to £1.

As noted above, 50% of the 2016 bonus is delivered in the form of WPP shares as an Executive Share Award (ESA). These shares are granted post determination of the annual bonus achievement and will vest, subject to continued employment, two years later.

Short-term incentive weightings and measures for 2017

The committee has reviewed the performance objectives and weightings for 2017 to ensure continued alignment with Company strategy. The weighting of financial objectives (70%) and individual strategic objectives (30%) will remain unchanged as will the Group financial measures of headline PBT growth, net sales margin improvement and net sales growth.

The committee is of the view that the targets for the STIP are commercially sensitive and it would be detrimental to the Company to disclose them in advance of or during the relevant performance period. To the extent targets are no longer commercially sensitive they will be disclosed at the end of the relevant performance period in that year’s Annual Report.

Long-term incentives (audited)

2012 – 2016 LEAP III awards vesting

The 2012 awards were the final awards granted under LEAP III, the long-term incentive plan which in 2013 was replaced by the EPSP. Vesting of LEAP awards was solely dependent on WPP’s relative TSR performance measured in common currency, against a custom group of WPP’s comparators (Aegis, Arbitron, Dentsu, GfK, Havas, Interpublic, Ipsos, Omnicom, Nielsen and Publicis), weighted by their respective market capitalisation.

Over the five-year investment and performance period, WPP out-performed 95% of the weighted peer group including both Omnicom and Publicis, WPP’s largest and most comparable multi-line competitors. Over the period, WPP delivered TSR of 210% which means that a shareholding of £100 at the start of the period would be worth £310 at the end, including reinvested dividends. The underlying financial and operational performance was also strong over the five-year period, consistent with the TSR outcome.

Aegis and Arbitron, two of the comparator companies, were taken over during the investment and performance period by Dentsu and Nielsen, respectively. In line with the guidelines previously established by the committee, the two companies were removed from the comparator group as neither company was listed for more than 40% of the investment and performance period.

WPP’s TSR performance relative to the comparator group resulted in a match of 500%, equating to the maximum award.

Number of shares vesting Share price
on vesting
Value of match at grant price of £8.5975/$69.2492
Value added due to dividends
Value added due to share price appreciation
2016 Long term incentives
Sir Martin Sorrell 2,406,380 £17.2708 £18,529 £4,339 £18,692 £41,560
Paul Richardson1 86,690 $104.6617
$5,373 $953 $2,747 $9,073

1 Paul Richardson’s 2012 LEAP award were granted in respect of ADRs.

Sir Martin Sorrell

Sir Martin Sorrell

Paul Richardson

Paul Richardson

2016 EPSP awards granted

In 2016, the Executive Directors, along with a select number of senior executives within the Group, were granted awards under the Executive Performance Share Plan (EPSP). The 2016 awards are subject to three equally-weighted independent performance conditions, being relative TSR, EPS and ROE. Performance is measured over the five financial years starting in 2016 as follows:

Measure Total Shareholder Return (TSR) Earnings Per Share (EPS) Return On Equity (ROE)
Weight One-third One-third One-third
Nature Relative to peers WPP growth WPP absolute
Performance zone (threshold to maximum) Median to upper decile 7% – 14% compound annual growth 15% – 18% annual average1
Payout Below threshold: 0% of element vests
Threshold: 20%2 of element vests
Maximum of above: 100% of element vests
Straight-line vesting between threshold and maximum
Performance period Five-years ending on 31 December 2020

1 The ROE measure for EPSP awards issued in 2013 and 2014 was a 10% to 14% average return.

2 The Threshold level is proposed to move to 15% from 2017.

As in previous years, WPP’s TSR performance is compared to companies representing our most relevant, listed global competitors, weighted by market capitalisation. In 2016, the comparator group comprised Dentsu, GfK, Havas, Interpublic, Ipsos, Nielsen, Omnicom and Publicis. TSR performance is calculated on a market capitalisation-weighted basis in both common and local currency (weighted equally). Using a dual basis ensures that the interests of both local and international investors are reflected in the performance measures.

The following interests were awarded on 28 November 2016 at the preceding five-day average share price of £17.052 (ordinary shares) or $105.93092 (ADRs).

Basis and level of award
(% of salary)
Award over Number of interests awarded Face value at date of grant
Sir Martin Sorrell 974%1 Ordinary Shares 656,873 £11,201
Paul Richardson 400%1 ADRs 41,536 $4,400

1 The basis level of award is proposed to be reduced as set out in the new Directors’ Compensation Policy.

EPSP measures and targets for 2017 - 2021

The committee have reviewed both the measures and the targets as part of the review of the Directors’ Compensation Policy that is being submitted to share owners for approval. The committee judge that the balance of measures remains appropriate and aligned to the Company’s business objectives and that the targets remain challenging and in line with financial forecasts.

Aligning pay and performance

As set out in the Directors’ Compensation Policy, the committee’s objective is to align variable compensation with the key strategic priorities of WPP, maximising the dynamic between pay and performance.

This dynamic is contingent upon the committee setting challenging targets each year. The following graph and table demonstrate the relationship between pay and performance over the last eight years for the Group chief executive.

Historical TSR performanceValue of hypothetical £100 holding

Historical TSR performance. Value of hypothetical £100 holding
  • WPP
  • FTSE 100
Financial year 31st December 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
CEO total compensation (£000)2 7,199 11,597 11,941 17,543 29,846 42,704 70,4095 48,148
Year-on-year change in CEO total compensation 63% 61% 3% 47% 70% 43% 65% -32%
Short-term incentive award against maximum 32% 95% 77% 62% 82% 72% 86% 60%
Long-term incentive award against maximum 50% 83% 46% 86% 87% 100% 100% 100%
Change in annual TSR3 66% 32% -13% 38% 56% 3% 18% 19%
Change in five-year TSR4 10% 37% 13% 45% 241% 172% 135% 210%

1 Growth in the value of a hypothetical £100 holding of WPP ordinary shares over eight years against an equivalent holding in the FTSE 100 (the broad market equity index of which WPP is a constituent) based on one-month average of trading day values. Source: DataStream.

2 Calculated using the single figure methodology.

3 TSR calculated using a one-month trading day average, consistent with the data shown in the graph.

4 TSR calculated using a six-month averaging period, consistent with the calculation methodology under LEAP/EPSP.

5 The CEO total compensation figure has been restated to exclude the disclosable value of expenses related directly to attendance at Board meetings as per the single figure table in Executive Directors’ total compensation received (audited).

Relative importance of spend on pay

The following table sets out the percentage change in total staff costs, headcount, dividends and share buy-backs.

2016 2015 % change
Total staff costs £7,784.9m £6,652.6m 17.02%
Headcount – average over the year 132,657 124,930 6.19%
Dividends and share buy-backs £1,043.9m £1,133.4m -7.90%

Relative change in pay for the Group chief executive

The following table summarises the change in the Group chief executive’s base salary, taxable benefits and annual bonus, compared to that of full-time employees within the Group. The higher level of taxable benefits of the chief executive officer is due to the increased cost of insured benefits. The cost of UK taxable benefits have reduced due to more effective and efficient management of benefit provision. The benefits received by employees has remained constant.

Base salary1 Taxable benefits1,2 Annual Bonus1
Group chief executive No change 18.1% -30.1%
All employees 1.5% -6.6% -11.7%

1 The all employees numbers for the change in base salary, taxable benefits and annual bonus have been calculated based on the annual average amount received. The annual bonus data for the Group chief executive uses the short-term incentive figures set out in Executive Directors’ total compensation received (audited).

2 Taking into account the worldwide structure and size of the Group, and given the need to calculate benefits on the basis that an individual is resident in the UK for tax purposes, collating data on all employees was not practicable. As a result, the population for the taxable benefits consists of UK employees only.

Non-executive directors’ fees

The fees due to non-executive directors, last reviewed on 1 July 2013, are set out below (£000).

Chairman 475
Non-executive director 70
Senior independent director 20
Chairmanship of Audit or Compensation Committee 40
Chairmanship of Nomination and Governance Committee 15
Member of Audit or Compensation Committee 20
Member of Nomination and Governance Committee 10

Non-executive directors’ total compensation received (audited)

The single total figure of compensation table below details fee payments received by the non-executive directors while they held a position on the Board. During both 2015 and 2016, the Company met the cost (including national insurance and income tax, where relevant) of expenses incurred by the non-executive directors in performing their duties of office, in accordance with the policy set out in Directors’ Compensation Policy table – chairman and non-executive directors.

In 2016, the disclosable value of the expenses that would be chargeable to UK income tax totalled £98,407 (including £32,314 of national insurance and income tax, where relevant).

2016 2015
Roberto Quarta1 475 305
Roger Agnelli2 23 114
Jacques Aigrain 130 121
Charlene Begley 100 100
Tarek Farahat3 13
Sir John Hood 110 110
Ruigang Li 80 96
Daniela Riccardi 80 88
Nicole Seligman 85 86
Hugo Shong 80 112
Timothy Shriver 90 106
Sally Susman 80 80
Sol Trujillo 90 106

1 The 2015 fee reflects fees for the part-year Roberto Quarta served as chairman of the WPP Board.

2 Roger Agnelli tragically died on 19 March 2016.

3 Tarek Farahat was appointed to the WPP Board on 11 October 2016.

Past directors

During 2016, payments were made to past directors who continued to provide advisory services to the Company. A payment of £59,054 was made to John Quelch in respect of educational presentations he gave to companies within the WPP Group. A payment of £30,000 was made to John Jackson in respect of his advisory role to WPP, which enables the Company to benefit from his considerable knowledge and experience in the communications and marketing services sector.

Executive Directors’ interests (audited)

Executive Directors’ interests in the Company’s ordinary share capital are shown in the following table. Other than as disclosed in this table, and in the Compensation Committee report, no Executive Director had any interest in any contract of significance with the Group during the year. Each Executive Director has a technical interest as an employee and potential beneficiary in shares in the Company held under the ESOPs. More specifically, the Executive Directors have potential interests in shares related to the outstanding awards under the LEAP program and the EPSP in addition to outstanding ESAs. As at 31 December 2016, the Company’s ESOPs (which are entirely independent of the Company and have waived their rights to receive dividends) held in total 13,857,706 shares in the Company (17,154,359 in 2015).

        Outstanding scheme interests
Director   Total share interests (including charitable foundation) Total beneficial interests and deferred awards1 Deferred awards (without performance conditions vested but unexercised, included in Total beneficial)2 Shares without performance conditions (unvested)3,4 Shares with performance conditions (unvested)5,6 Total unvested shares
Sir Martin Sorrell7 At 31 Dec 2016 24,547,301 21,021,365 8,773,456 247,164 5,450,606 5,697,770
  At 19 Apr 2017 25,859,089 21,283,153 8,773,456 133,817 3,295,436 3,429,253
Paul Richardson At 31 Dec 2016 1,000,265 1,000,265 103,270 1,250,220 1,353,490
  At 19 Apr 2017 1,068,240 1,068,240 54,185 862,295 916,480

1 Shares held outright together with shares due pursuant to awards that have vested but receipt of which have been deferred with share owner approval (see footnote 2).

2 Shares (1) pursuant to the vesting of awards under Renewed LEAP (namely the 2004 and 2005 awards, part of the 2006 award, the 2007 award the UK portion of the 2009 Award) and (2) which originally formed part of the Capital Investment Plan (an award made in 1995, which vested in 1999, in respect of 4,691,392 shares in total, some of which have been received by Sir Martin Sorrell) and which now comprise the share owner-approved UK and US Deferred Stock Units Awards Agreements. The receipt of all of these awards has been deferred until November 2017 in accordance with share owner approval. Dividend shares will be due on the exercise of these options.

3 Shares due pursuant to the 2014 and 2015 Executive Stock Awards, full details of which can be found in Oustanding share-based awards. Additional dividend shares will be due on vesting.

4 Shares due pursuant to the 2015 Executive Stock Awards, full details of which can be found in Oustanding share-based awards. Additional dividend shares will be due on vesting.

5 Maximum number of shares due on vesting pursuant to the outstanding LEAP III and EPSP awards, full details of which can be found in Oustanding share-based awards. Additional dividend shares will be due on vesting.

6 As noted in footnote 5 above, less the maximum due under the 2012 LEAP III Award, which vested on 7 March 2017 (full details can be found in Long-term incentives (audited) ).

7 On 24 March 2017, Sir Martin Sorrell gifted 1,050,000 ordinary shares to The JMCMRJ Sorrell Charitable Foundation. At 19 April 2017, The JMCMRJ Sorrell Charitable Foundation is interested in 4,575,936 ordinary shares. Sir Martin Sorrell has no beneficial interest in these shares.

Share ownership guidelines

As detailed in the Directors’ Compensation Policy, the Executive Directors are required to achieve a minimum level of share ownership of WPP shares. The Group chief executive and Group chief financial officer are required to hold shares to the value of 600% and 300% of base salary respectively.

At the end of 2016, and at the date of this Compensation Committee report, both Executive Directors exceeded their respective share ownership guidelines by a substantial margin.

Non-executive Directors’ interests (audited)

Non-executive directors’ interests in the Company’s ordinary share capital are shown in the following table. Except as disclosed in this table, and in the Compensation Committee report, no non-executive director had any interest in any contract of significance with the Group during the year.

Non-executive director Total interests at 31 December 2016 Total interests at 19 April 2017
Roberto Quarta 27,500 27,500
Jacques Aigrain 9,000 9,000
Charlene Begley 2,140 2,140
Tarek Farahat1 -
Sir John Hood 3,000 3,000
Ruigang Li 4,000 4,000
Daniela Riccardi 4,100
Nicole Seligman 6,250 6,250
Hugo Shong 22,915
Timothy Shriver 10,070 10,070
Sally Susman 5,000 5,000
Sol Trujillo 10,000 10,000

1 Tarek Farahat was appointed to the WPP Board on 11 October 2016.

Outstanding share-based awards

Executive Share Awards (ESAs) held by Executive Directors

All Executive Share Awards granted under the Restricted Stock Plan are made on the basis of satisfaction of previous performance conditions and are subject to continuous employment until the vesting date. The table does not include the 2016 ESAs as these will not be granted until after publication of this Annual Report. Unless otherwise noted, awards are made in the form of WPP ordinary shares.

Share/ADR price on grant date No. of Shares/ADRs
Face value on grant
Additional shares granted in lieu of dividends Total shares vesting Vesting date Shares / ADR price on vesting Value on vesting 000
Sir Martin Sorrell 2013 ESA 27.05.14 £12.8850 159,691 £2,058 9,311 169,002 06.03.16 £15.4962 £2,619
2014 ESA 27.05.15 £15.8350 113,347 £1,795 06.03.17
2015 ESA 07.06.16 £15.9850 133,817 £2,139 06.03.18
Paul Richardson1 2013 ESA 27.05.14 $108.1000 12,970 $1,402 747 13,717 06.03.16 $110.2500 $1,512
2014 ESA 27.05.15 $121.7200 9,817 $1,195 06.03.17
2015 ESA 07.06.16 $116.2700 10,837 $1,260 06.03.18

1 Paul Richardson’s ESAs were granted in respect of ADRs.

2 Dividend shares will be due on these awards.

3 Face value has been calculated using the average closing share price for the five trading days preceding the date of grant (as set out in the table).

Long-term incentive plans – Leadership Equity Acquisition Plans

The following table summarises the awards outstanding under LEAP III. The last award under this plan vested on 7 March 2017, details can be found in Long-term incentives (audited)

Name Award date Investment and performance period Number of investment shares/ADRs Share/ADR price on grant date Maximum number of matching units at
1 Jan 20162
During 2016 Maximum number of matching units at 31 Dec 2016 Share/ADR price on vesting Value on vest/deferral date
(Lapsed) units
Additional dividend shares Vested or deferred shares
Sir Martin Sorrell
07.12.11 01.01.11 – 31.12.15 711,159 £6.6475 3,555,795 (0) 426,810 3,982,605 £15.7644 £62,783
10.12.12 01.01.12 – 31.12.16 431,034 £8.5975 2,155,170 2,155,170
Paul Richardson
07.12.11 01.01.11 – 31.12.15 100,344 £6.6475 501,720 (0) 60,220 561,940 501,720 £15.7644 £8,859
10.12.121 01.01.12 – 31.12.16 15,517 $69.2500 77,585 77,585

1 Paul Richardson’s 2012 LEAP award was granted in respect of ADRs.

2 Dividend shares will be due on these awards.

Long-term incentive plans – Executive Performance Share Plan

The following table summarises all of the awards outstanding under the Executive Performance Share Plan.

During 2016
Grant date Performance period Maximum number of nil cost options over shares/ADRs
Share/ADR price on grant date Nil cost options vested/(lapsed) Additional dividend shares Nil cost options exercised or deferred Maximum number of nil cost options over shares/ADRs at 31 Dec 2016
Sir Martin Sorrell 28.06.13 01.01.13-31.12.17 1,032,540 £10.8480 1,032,540
04.06.14 01.01.14-31.12.18 867,756 £12.9080 867,756
09.06.15 01.01.15-31.12.19 738,267 £15.1720 738,267
28.11.16 01.01.16-31.12.20 656,873 £17.0520 656,873
Paul Richardson1 28.06.13 01.01.13-31.12.17 52,026 $83.4186 52,026
04.06.14 01.01.14-31.12.18 40,927 $107.9960 40,927
09.06.15 01.01.15-31.12.19 37,970 $115.8800 37,970
28.11.16 01.01.16-31.12.20 41,536 $105.9309 41,536

1 Paul Richardson’s EPSP awards were granted in respect of ADRs.

2 Dividend shares will be due on these awards.

Full details of the 2016 EPSP award, including performance measures and targets, can be found in EPSP measures and targets for 2017 – 2021.